GATE Civil Engineering Handwritten Notes By Air 1

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Checklist: 1. Building Material 2. Strength Of Material 3. Fluid Mechanics 4. Surveying 5. Structural Analysis 6. CPM 7. Environmental 8. Hydrology 9. RCC 10. Railway 11. Highway 12. Irrigation 13.Design Of Steel Structure 14. Soil Mechanics 15. Engineering Mechanics 16.Mathematics 17. Reasoning Aptitude 18.English

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Notes Include:


Engineering Mathematics
Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors.
Calculus: Functions of single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value theorems,
local maxima and minima, Taylor and Maclaurin series; Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals,
application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient,
Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals,
Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.
Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE): First order (linear and non-linear) equations; higher order linear
equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equations; Laplace transform and its application in
solving linear ODEs; initial and boundary value problems.
Partial Differential Equation (PDE): Fourier series; separation of variables; solutions of onedimensional diffusion equation; first and second order one-dimensional wave equation and twodimensional Laplace equation.
Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems; Conditional probability;
Discrete Random variables: Poisson and Binomial distributions; Continuous random variables: normal
and exponential distributions; Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode and standard deviation;
Hypothesis testing.
Numerical Methods: Accuracy and precision; error analysis. Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear
algebraic equations; Least square approximation, Newton’s and Lagrange polynomials, numerical
differentiation, Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multi-step methods for first
order differential equations.


Section 2: Structural Engineering
Engineering Mechanics: System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in
structures; Friction and its applications; Kinematics of point mass and rigid body; Centre of mass;
Euler’s equations of motion; Impulse-momentum; Energy methods; Principles of virtual work.
Solid Mechanics: Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stress and
strain relationships; Theories of failures; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre;
Uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.
Structural Analysis: Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods;
Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames; Displacement methods:
Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of
structural analysis.
Construction Materials and Management: Construction Materials: Structural steel – composition,
material properties and behaviour ; Concrete – constituents, mix design, short-term and long-term
properties; Bricks and mortar; Timber; Bitumen. Construction Management: Types of construction
projects; Tendering and construction contracts; Rate analysis and standard specifications; Cost
estimation; Project planning and network analysis – PERT and CPM.
Concrete Structures: Working stress, Limit state and Ultimate load design concepts; Design of beams,
slabs, columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete; Analysis of beam sections at
transfer and service loads.
Steel Structures: Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression
members, beams and beam- columns, column bases; Connections – simple and eccentric, beam-column
connections, plate girders and trusses; Plastic analysis of beams and frames.
Section 3: Geotechnical Engineering
Soil Mechanics: Origin of soils, soil structure and fabric; Three-phase system and phase relationships,
index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability – one dimensional
flow, Darcy’s law; Seepage through soils – two-dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping;
Principle of effective stress, capillarity, seepage force and quicksand condition; Compaction in
laboratory and field conditions; One- dimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Mohr’s
circle, stress paths, effective and total shear strength parameters, characteristics of clays and sand.
Foundation Engineering: Sub-surface investigations – scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load
test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories – Rankine and Coulomb;
Stability of slopes – finite and infinite slopes, method of slices and Bishop’s method; Stress distribution
in soils – Boussinesq’s and Westergaard’s theories, pressure bulbs; Shallow foundations – Terzaghi’s and
Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation;
Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations – types of piles, dynamic and
static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, negative skin friction.
Section 4: Water Resources Engineering
Fluid Mechanics: Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum, energy and corresponding
equations; Potential flow, applications of momentum and energy equations; Laminar and turbulent flow;
Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of boundary layer and its growth.
Hydraulics: Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis
and hydraulic similitude; Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles; Basics of hydraulic machines, specific
speed of pumps and turbines; Channel Hydraulics – Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical
flow, slope profile, hydraulic jump, uniform flow and gradually varied flow
Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, watershed, infiltration,
unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, flood estimation and routing, reservoir capacity, reservoir and
channel routing, surface run-off models, ground water hydrology – steady state well hydraulics and
aquifers; Application of Darcy’s law.
Irrigation: Duty, delta, estimation of evapo-transpiration; Crop water requirements; Design of lined and
unlined canals, head works, gravity dams and spillways; Design of weirs on permeable foundation;
Types of irrigation systems, irrigation methods; Water logging and drainage; Canal regulatory works,
cross-drainage structures, outlets and escapes.
Section 5: Environmental Engineering
Water and Waste Water: Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment.
Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water
treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of
wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, effluent discharge standards.
Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and
secondary treatment. Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal.
Air Pollution: Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution
control, air quality standards and limits.
Municipal Solid Wastes: Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes,
engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and
Noise Pollution: Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and
control of noise pollution.
Section 6: Transportation Engineering
Transportation Infrastructure: Highway alignment and engineering surveys; Geometric design of
highways – cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments; Geometric
design of railway track; Airport runway length, taxiway and exit taxiway design.
Highway Pavements: Highway materials – desirable properties and quality control tests; Design of
bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design of flexible pavement
using IRC: 37-2012; Design of rigid pavements using IRC: 58-2011; Distresses in concrete pavements.
Traffic Engineering: Traffic studies on flow, speed, travel time – delay and O-D study, PCU, peak hour
factor, parking study, accident study and analysis, statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and
macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental relationships; Control devices, signal design by
Webster’s method; Types of intersections and channelization; Highway capacity and level of service of
rural highways and urban roads.
Section 7: Geomatics Engineering
Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps – scale, coordinate system; Distance and
angle measurement – Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total
station; Horizontal and vertical curves.
Photogrammetry – scale, flying height; Remote sensing – basics, platform and sensors, visual image
interpretation; Basics of Geographical information system (GIS) and Geographical Positioning system



There are 5 comments

  1. Hemlata

    I got the material in very good condition. The quality of the material is also good. It is very helpful also

  2. Charu

    Notes are pretty descriptive and easy to understand… these notes are worth purchasing…😊 Even the notes were delivered within the time limit provided

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